Summarize the text

Summarize Written Text

Summarize Written Text

There are only two questions in the PTE Writing section. The Summarize Text is one of them. You read a text in this type of question and have to write a description of a single sentence. 

This question form is somewhat complicated by writing only a single sentence. More than anything else, it highlights your grammar skills.

Number of questions: 

The total number of questions in Summarize Written Text is two-three (2~3).

Scoring(Skills Tested):

The main purpose of the Summarize Written Text section is an assessment of the Writing/Reading skill of the student.

 Your response will be evaluated on both the quality of your writing and how well the key points mentioned in the report are addressed in your summary.

 No negative marking is applicable for the question type.

 How score is calculated based on the key factors: Content, Pronunciation and Oral Fluency.

Reading and writing 

 

Content: 

2 Provides a good summary of the text. All relevant aspects mentioned 

1 Provides a fair summary of the text but misses one or two aspects 

0 Omits or misrepresents the main aspects of the text 

 

Form, grammar, vocabulary 

Form: 

1 Is written in one, single, complete sentence 

0 Not written in one single, complete sentence or contains fewer than 5 or more than 75 words or Summary is written in capital letters. 

 

 Grammar: 

2 Has the correct grammatical structure 

1 Contains grammatical errors but with no hindrance to communication 

0 Has a defective grammatical structure which could hinder communication 

 

Vocabulary: 

2 Has an appropriate choice of words 

1 Contains lexical errors but with no hindrances to communication 

0 Has defective word choice which could hinder communication

Time to answer:  

You have 10 minutes to answer. Even though you can complete the answer in less time, you cannot transfer the time to another task.

 You are presented with a passage of up to 10 minutes then 10 minutes to write the answer(Summary). 

Use the full 10 minutes in the task and answer it properly. If you complete the answer in less time, use the remaining time to review the answer, you cannot transfer the time to another task.

Structure of the task

  • For this item type, you get a text. Go through the text carefully.
  • Then you need to write a one-sentence summary of the text. You have 10 minutes to finish this task.
  • The word count is usually shown at the mere bottom of the task screen. The word count is critical for the task, with an upwards limit of 70 ~75 it is suggested to complete the summary with no less than 50 words.
  • Your response is marked to be right or wrong depending on the suitability of the terms in your responses. There is no credit for no answer or wrong answer.
  • The task is scored based on the quality of writing and how well the key points are presented from the text. The key components checked are Content, Form, Grammer, Vocabulary.
  • First, read the lecture and make a quick note of the key points from the lecture.
  • Review the note and map out how you are going to structure the summary. How might you describe it to your friend in short(like the highlight of your favourite story)?
  • It is important to summarize the passage within the word limit of 50 to 70 within 10 mins time frame. 
  • Complete the sentence in a single sentence. Use connectors if you need to put in multiple ideas but remember to put only one full stop to the sentence.
  • It is not recommended to memorize the whole passage, make notes of key points from the passage and structure the summary.
  • Cut, copy and paste buttons are also available which you can use to write your summary.
  • Review your written summarized text to correct any mistakes in grammar, spelling or punctuation. It becomes crucial to review the task; check your sentences for like subject/verb agreement, word order, and tenses.

The image shows an example of the test screen for Summarize Written Text

How to answer Summarize written text

You get 30-40 seconds to prepare for reading before the recording starts. It is recommended to scan through the passage and make a mental note on difficult words( speed practice it) pauses to take and break the difficult words. You can read by viewing the passage thus it is not necessary to remember the whole passage.

A good grasp on grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation of regularly used words is a recommended skill to sharpen to score higher in this test section.

When you have written your response, check to make sure that it is only one sentence, with a capital letter at the beginning and only one full stop at the end.

No score is provided for answers more than 75 words and less than 5 words.

 This question requires you to summarize the whole text in a sentence after you’ve read it. The text can be up to 300 words and the time taken for this is around 10 minutes. 

First, spend a few minutes reading the text from the start. You’ll get a clearer understanding of the meaning of each sentence. You should shortlist the phrases that represent the key points of the text as you read them. When you read, you can disregard the explanations, more information, and any unnecessary data. For example, if a key point such as global warming is included in the first sentence and second and third sentences are examples of the effect of global warming, the second and third sentences do not necessarily have to be included.

Once you have the most important points, your next step is to integrate them into a single sentence. Two strategies can be taken here. You can just put your spoken word down if you are sure about your language skills. But, most of us don’t know English that well. Then the second option can be considered. You arrange the key sentences one by one in this approach. You will then paraphrase them-change the vocabulary as far as you can, use synonyms, etc. You can finally combine them in one sentence. You will use conjunctions and punctuation accordingly.

In the end, make sure you leave a few minutes to check what you wrote. First of all, you should test the content. Are the key ideas raised in the text in the summary? When someone who doesn’t read the main text, will he correctly say what the text is about? If yes, then fine! If not, you need to add more information to what you have written and may also collect some information that is not required.

Make sure your answer is within the limits of words. The maximum number of words should be 75 and not less than 5. Acceptable duration of about 35~40 words would be possible if you could collect all the key details. Because only one sentence must be written, it is important to properly connect different parts of the expression. Test users often simply put commas between separate sentences and assume that they have translated it into one sentence. This is a mistake! The right punctuation and conjunctions must be used.

Tips and Key Recommendation: 

Follow These Tips To Effectively Summarize Written Text In Pte Academic

Use the correct form. Your response should be a minimum of 5 words and a maximum of 75 words. The correct form is a single sentence, more than that it will not be valid so please bear this in mind.

 The best way to do good in this test is to practice using complex and compound sentences. First, make a list of the most important points of the text, then combine them and create complex and compound sentences.

 After you’ve Written the Main Ideas, make sure to re-read the answers for the next 30-45 seconds. Then, Create a Draft From the Ideas that you have written down from the passage itself. You can take a maximum of four to six minutes to do this. You have 2-3 more minutes to review your draft and rewrite them(if it’s needed).

 First 30-45 seconds: write the main ideas if any missed then re-read the notes prepared from the passage,

4 to 6 minutes: Create a draft from the ideas that you have noted,

Final 2-3 minutes: Review the draft and rewrite where necessary.

 Do not submit your draft as soon as you complete it. Recheck it to see if there are any error grammatical(spelling and punctuation) or with the choice of words. Make sure it contains all the main ideas of the original passage.

Sample Question with the answer for Summarize Written Text

Sample Question 01

 

Geothermal energy – Africa

What is the solution for nations with increasing energy demands, hindered by frequent power cuts and an inability to compete in the international oil market? For East Africa at least, experts think geothermal energy is the answer. More promising still, the Kenyan government and international investors seem to be listening. This is just in time according to many, as claims of an acute energy crisis are afoot due to high oil prices, population spikes and droughts.

Currently, over 60% of Kenya’s power comes from hydroelectric sources but these are proving increasingly unreliable as the issue of seasonal variation is intensified by erratic rain patterns. Alternative energy sources are needed; and the leading energy supplier in Kenya, Kenya Electricity Generating Company (KenGen), hopes to expand its geothermal energy supply from 13% to 25 % of its total usage by 2020. The potential of geothermal energy in the region was first realised internationally by the United Nations Development Program when geologists observed thermal anomalies below the East African Rift system. Locals have been utilising this resource for centuries; using steam vents to create the perfect humidity for greenhouses, or simply to enjoy a swim in the many natural hot lakes.

Along the 6000 km of the rift from the Red Sea to Mozambique, geochemical, geophysical and heat flow measurements were made to identify areas suitable for geothermal wells. One area lies next to the extinct Olkaria volcano, within the Hell’s Gate National Park, and sits over some of the thinnest continental crust on Earth. This is a result of the thinning of the crust by tectonic stretching, causing hotter material below the Earth’s surface to rise, resulting in higher temperatures. This thin crust was ideal for the drilling of geothermal wells, reaching depths of around 3000 m, where temperatures get up to 342°C, far higher than the usual temperature of 90°C at this depth. Water in the surrounding rocks is converted to steam by the heat. The steam can be used to drive turbines and produce electricity. Wells like those in Olkaria operate by pumping cold water down to permeable ‘geothermal reservoir’ rocks, causing steam to rise back up a nearby production well. Care must be taken with the rate at which cold water is added to not permanently cool the source rock.

Correct Answer

Keywords

geothermal energy, Africa, energy demands

 

Sample response

Geothermal energy will be used as an alternative electric source to meet increasing energy demands in East African countries made possible by the geological advantage owing to thermal anomalies below the East African Rift system.

Sample Question 02

Travel, Tourism industry and jobs

Jobs generated by Travel & Tourism are spread across the economy – in retail, construction, manufacturing and telecommunications, as well as directly in Travel & Tourism companies. These jobs employ a large proportion of women, minorities and young people; are predominantly in small and medium-sized companies, and offer good training and transferability. Tourism can also be one of the most effective drivers for the development of regional economies. These patterns apply to both developed and emerging economies.

There are numerous good examples of where Travel & Tourism is acting as a catalyst for conservation and improvement of the environment and maintenance of local diversity and culture. Travel & Tourism creates jobs and wealth and has tremendous potential to contribute to economically, environmentally and socially sustainable development in both developed countries and emerging nations. It has a comparative advantage in that its start-up and running costs can be low compared to many other forms of industrial development. It is also often one of the few realistic options for development in many areas. Therefore, there is a strong likelihood that the Travel & Tourism industry will continue to grow globally over the short to medium term.

Correct Answer

Keywords

travel, tourism, industry, economy, jobs, regional development

 

Sample response

Travel and tourism industry improves the development of regional economies and maintenance of the environment and culture and will continue to grow in the short to medium term because of its comparatively low starting and running costs.

Sample Question 03

Who would have thought back in 1698, as they downed their espressos, that the little band of stockbrokers from Jonathan’s Coffee House in Change Alley EC3 would be the founder- members of what would become the world’s mighty money capital?

Progress was not entirely smooth. The South Sea Bubble burst in 1720 and the coffee house exchanges burned down in 1748. As late as Big Bang in 1986, when bowler hats were finally hung up, you wouldn’t have bet the farm on London surpassing New York, Frankfurt and Tokyo as Mammon’s international nexus. Yet the 325,000 souls who operate in the UK capital’s financial hub have now overtaken their New York rivals in size of the funds managed (including offshore business); they hold 70% of the global secondary bond market and the City dominates foreign exchange trading. And its institutions paid out £9 billion in bonuses in December. The Square Mile has now spread both eastwards from EC3 to Canary Wharf and westwards into Mayfair, where many of the private-equity ‘locusts’ and their hedge-fund pals now hang out. For foreigners in finance, London is the place to be. It has no Sarbanes-Oxley and no euro to hold it back, yet the fact that it still flies so high is against the odds. London is one of the most expensive cities in the world to live in, transport systems groan and there’s an ever-present threat of terrorist attack. But, for the time being, the deals just keep on getting bigger.

Correct Answer

 

Despite the doubt that London will never fly because of humble background and deplorable experiences (burned down in 1748), the prohibitively high living cost, inferior transport systems and threat of terrorist attack, the UK capital has now overtaken their New York rivals in the funds managed, the global secondary bond market, foreign exchange trading and become the world’s mighty money capital.

Sample Question 04

Humankind has an innate desire to liberate from the restriction of mundane existence. Some people follow the paths of spirituality, prayer, meditation while other people follow the paths of art, music, sexual passion or intoxicating substances to experience a temporary altered state of consciousness. Since the advent of civilization (Neolithic age), alcohol as an intoxicating substance is being used by Homosapien for fantasies. Liminality is the quality of ambiguity that occurs in the middle stage of rituals (transition) when participants no longer hold their pre-ritual original status and not reach the final post ritual status. Liminality is associated with tension and danger. Similarly, as a human being, we are also passing thru life-cycle, lifestyle, and habitual transition in our lives. The life-cycle events involve major transformation, a source of anxiety and fear for the human. Alcohol drinking provides a liminal period (a way of passing from the ordered regulation of one form of social context to the less-ordered form of another one) borderline interval segregated from everyday mundane existence.

These ceremonial events (life-cycle, lifestyle, and habitual transition) with their accompanying drinking patterns provide relief to drinkers from the daily boredoms and frustrations of life and ease of social tensions. Dissolving hierarchical social classes and gender differences on ceremonial occasions, alcohol is associated with recreation, festivity, and spontaneity.

Alcohol is used in life-cycle transitions, lifestyle transitions, and habitual transitions by humankind. Drinking, as a symbolic punctuation mark in our lives, differentiate one social context from another from the cradle to the grave. Drinks define significant transitions in our lives through their symbolic, psychological and social functions of transition rituals. The type of brand served for drink defines the nature of the event; build the social relationship and interaction among drinkers.

Correct Answer

Consumption of alcohol which acts as a symbolic punctuation mark in human life from the cradle to the grave is used in life-cycle transitions, lifestyle transitions, and habitual transitions by the human race since time immemorial. 

Sample Question 05

 

It’ll Never Fly: The City Of London

Who would have thought back in 1698, as they downed their espressos, that the little band of stockbrokers from Jonathan’s Coffee House in Change Alley EC3 would be the founder- members of what would become the world’s mighty money capital?

Progress was not entirely smooth. The South Sea Bubble burst in 1720 and the coffee house exchanges burned down in 1748. As late as Big Bang in 1986, when bowler hats were finally hung up, you wouldn’t bet the farm on London surpassing New York, Frankfurt, and Tokyo as Mammon’s international nexus. Yet the 325,000 souls who operate in the UK capital’s financial hub have now overtaken their New York rivals in the size of the funds managed (including offshore business); they hold 70% of the global secondary bond market and the City dominates foreign exchange trading. And its institutions paid out £9 billion in bonuses in December. The Square Mile has now spread both eastwards from EC3 to Canary Wharf and westwards into Mayfair, where many of the private-equity ‘locusts’ and their hedge-fund pals now hang out. For foreigners in finance, London is the place to be. It has no Sarbanes-Oxley and no euro to hold it back, yet the fact that it still flies so high is against the odds. London is one of the most expensive cities in the world to live in, transport systems groan and there’s an ever-present threat of terrorist attack. But, for the time being, the deals just keep on getting bigger.

Correct Answer

London has surpassed its rivals and has dominated global financial markets to become the world’s mighty money capital due to its judicial and currency advantages even though the expansion progress was not smooth.